|Remarks by Ambassador Zhang Jun at the UN Security Council Open Debate on Famine and Conflict-induced Global Food Insecurity|
I thank Ms. Reena Ghelani, Mr. David Miliband and Ms. Navyn Salem for their briefings.
Food issues concern people’s livelihood and security. It is complex and sensitive. It has a wide linkage to production and supply chains and a wide-ranging impact. And it is one of the long-term, recurrent and protracting global challenges. Placing great emphasis on food issues, the Security Council has taken active steps on various fronts, including the adoption of Resolution 2417 (2018), which set clear requirements for the protection of civilians and agricultural facilities and greater humanitarian input in armed conflicts. The international community should work together to promote the implementation and effectiveness of relevant Council resolutions, adhere to political settlement of disputes, and break the vicious cycle of conflict and famine.
While addressing urgent issues, in order to thoroughly resolve the food crisis, we must focus on the root causes and conduct a systematic review of the situation. The most severely-affected victims of the food crisis are all, without exception, developing countries. Food insecurity is essentially the result of insufficient and unbalanced development worldwide, and a concrete manifestation of the development gap between the North and the South. It is closely related to the longstanding, unjust and unreasonable food production and trade system and the global governance system as a whole. The international community should seize the opportunity of the SDG summit in September and the Summit of the Future next year to address both the symptoms and root causes, to improve rules and regulations, and take comprehensive measures to achieve the goal of zero hunger in 2030 as planned. I would like to highlight the following three points.
Second, we must bridge the development gap between the North and the South at a faster pace. Sustainable development is the most fundamental guarantee for achieving common food security. The international community should address the issue of food insecurity within the framework of global macroeconomic policy coordination and sustainable development, and take the opportunity of the SDG Summit and the 2023 UN Food Systems Stocktaking Moment to heed the voice of developing countries, strengthen North-South dialogue and coordination, pool more development resources, and build greater development synergies.
We should step up efforts to assist developing countries in need in resolving challenges in agriculture, rural areas and farmers, enhancing resilience to climate change and natural disasters, and increasing food production and self-sufficiency. Developed countries should cancel unreasonable agricultural subsidies and adopt reasonable monetary policies, reduce the impact of factors including imported inflation and exchange rate fluctuations on food security in developing countries. At the same time, it is necessary for developed countries to earnestly fulfill their ODA commitments, refrain from imposing technology blockade, or resorting to “small yards and high fence”. Rather, we should accelerate technology transfer and application and the sharing of knowledge in areas such as biology, digital and space to create better conditions for developing countries to strengthen capacity building and achieve sustainable development.
Actions speak louder than words. China has made contributions to maintaining global food security with proactive actions. China has proposed the Global Development Initiative and the International Food Security Cooperation Initiative, advocating for deepening practical cooperation on food security, and supporting developing countries in funding, technology and market to improve their food production, storage and loss-reduction capabilities. China has carried out agricultural cooperation with over 140 countries and regions, introduced over 1,000 agricultural technologies to developing countries, trained over 14,000 professionals in hybrid rice technology for more than 80 developing countries, helped launch 13 demonstration villages on agricultural development and poverty reduction in Africa, and provided emergency food aid to countries in need. We stand ready to work with other countries to deepen exchanges and cooperation, and make greater contributions to global food security.