|Remarks by Ambassador Dai Bing at Security Council Briefing on UNITAMS|
Thank you Special Representative of the Secretary-General Volker Perthes for your briefing, and I welcome the presence of the representative of Sudan at this meeting I have listened carefully to Ms. Alkarib’s statement.
Positive progress has been achieved in Sudan's political process. This is inextricably attributable to the joint efforts of the Sudanese authorities and the other stakeholders. We need to build on this positive momentum and keep injecting fresh impetus into Sudan's peace process and development. In this context, I'd like to make the following points.
First, we must take a multi-pronged approach to advance the political process. The Sudanese Government has made a great deal of effort in the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement. What they have achieved is plainly visible to all. China commends the framework of comprehensive political settlement proposed by the Sudanese authorities, which is conducive to easing the tensions between the parties and promoting the implementation of the JPA. We hope Sudan will make fresh headway in, inter alia, forming the transitional legislative council and preparing for the general elections. China's supports the Government in carrying on peace talks with the non-signatories and urges the latter to join the peace process as soon as possible. China is pleased to see that UNITAMS has been bolstering its configuration and enhancing its capacity for mandate implementation. UNITAMS should, as it is mandated, closely align its activities with the strategic priorities of Sudan, and improve the relevance and effectiveness of its work on an ongoing basis.
Second, efforts must be ramped up to keep Darfur stable. The situation in Darfur has markedly improved over previous years. Following the exit of UNAMID, Sudan's sovereignty council and transitional government have launched a raft of initiatives, including establishing multiple mechanisms such as the Joint High Military Committee for Security Arrangements, the Permanent Ceasefire Committee, and Sectoral and Area Committees to implement faster the security arrangements under the peace agreement. Recently, precipitated by such factors as COVID-19 and natural disasters, security incidents and inter-communal clashes have occurred in Darfur from time to time. The international community should lend strong support to help Sudan enhance its security capacity building to better protect civilians in Darfur.
Third, it is imperative to identify the right priorities for economic development and national reconstruction. The Sudanese Government has been working hard to address the challenges, maintain macro economic stability and reform its economy. However, the country's economic woes remain dire with acute shortages of water and electricity and scarcity of daily necessities. In June this year, the IMF announced that Sudan has reached the decision point of the HIPC initiative. The international community, especially developed countries, should effectively fulfill their debt relief commitments, support Sudan's development in infrastructure, agriculture and other key sectors, and help the country achieve universal education and poverty eradication, to eliminate the root causes of conflict, thus laying a solid foundation for lasting peace in Sudan.
I'd like to underscore in the same breath that Council Resolution 2562 calls for clear and well-identified key benchmarks for adjusting the sanctions measures in respect of Sudan. The current situation in Sudan, especially in Darfur, has improved significantly and lifting the sanctions as soon as possible is consistent with the prevailing dynamics on the ground. The benchmark set by this Council should be clear, realistic, feasible and in line with the realities of Sudan. China is ready to play a constructive role to this end.
Sudan is at a critical stage in its transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding. At last week's Security Council open debate, Secretary-General Guterres noted that “peacekeeping missions can help put a country on the right track, but only national stakeholders can keep it there over the long term”. The Sudanese authorities should continue to play a leading role, and all stakeholders should remain united. China is ready to work with the rest of the international community to scale up our collective assistance and support to Sudan in the interest of lasting peace and development in the country.
Thank you, Madam President.