|Fact sheet of human rights violations by the United States, the United Kingdom and France
Human rights are an achievement of humanity and a symbol of progress. Respect for and protection of human rights is a basic principle of modern civilization. Human rights is one of the three pillars of the United Nations. There is no end to human rights development and human rights protection is an ongoing cause. Human rights in China should be judged only by the Chinese people, and gauged by their sense of gain, happiness and security. The United States, the United Kingdom, France and a few other countries always pretend to be righteous and try to lecture others and point the finger at China and other developing countries on human rights issues. However, it is actually them who have a deplorable record on human rights and have committed piles of crimes. It is hoped that this fact sheet, which is by no means exhaustive, will help put the record straight.
1. The United States
Rights of the the indigenous people were violated. The United States carried out inhuman ethnic cleansing against native Indians. By the beginning of the 20th century, the American Indian population had plummeted from 5 million in 1492 to 0.25 million. While slaughtering the indigenous people, American rulers also assimilated them culturally in order to eliminate dissidents. To this day, American Indians still live like second-class citizens, and their rights have been trampled upon.
Bullying against Asian Americans escalated. Since the pandemic began, the incidents of Asian Americans being humiliated and even assaulted in public have been found everywhere. A survey of young Asian Americans reported by the National Broadcasting Company showed that in the past year, a quarter of young Asian Americans became targets of racial bullying; affected by this trend fueled by the racist remarks of the then American leader, nearly half of the respondents expressed pessimism about their situation, and a quarter of the respondents expressed fear about the situation of themselves and their families.
Unchecked police violence led to frequent deaths of African Americans. A study in The Lancet by experts of Washington University and other institutions found that 30,800 people died from police violence in the US between 1980 and 2018, and 17,100 of them were unreported in official statistics reports. It is also found that African Americans were 3.5 times more likely to be killed by police than white Americans. In February 2021, independent UN human rights experts called on the US to adopt wide-ranging reforms to put an end to police brutality and vigorously address systemic racism and racial discrimination. In June, Chairperson of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) and 27 experts of the Special Procedures of the Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent of the Human Rights Council published a joint statement, which condemned the racial lynching and prosecution in the US, and called on the US government to conduct independent investigations, look into all cases where police are accountable for the use of excessive force, and resolve systemic racism and racial prejudice in US criminal justice system.
The US left a mess in Afghanistan. The US launched the Afghan War in the name of counter-terrorism. After 20 years, the number of terrorist organizations in Afghanistan has grown from a single digit to more than 20, more than 100,000 Afghan civilians have been killed or wounded in the gunfire of US troops and its ally forces, and more than 10 million people have been displaced. The Afghan War has destroyed the foundation of the Afghan economy. The Afghan people has been impoverished and entrenched in humanitarian crisis.
Incompetent pandemic containment leads to tragic outcomes. The United States claimed to be most abundant in medical resources and healthcare capacity, yet its response to the COVID-19 pandemic was chaotic, causing it to lead the world in the numbers of confirmed COVID-19 cases and related deaths. Many lives could have been saved had the US authorities taken science-based measures to contain the pandemic. As epidemiologist and former head of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) William Foege put it, the pandemic is "a slaughter" to the United States.
2. The United Kingdom
Racial issues have long beset the UK, which is known around the world. Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination of the United Nations shows a sharp increase in recent years of systemic discrimination, violent provocations and hate crimes against minority groups in the UK. Since the onset of COVID-19, minority ethnic groups in the UK have been experiencing worsening situation in terms of medical care and employment. According to a report published by The Lancet, "ethnic minorities in the UK are at significantly greater risk of severe disease and death from COVID-19 than their white counterparts." A British think tank report shows that the UK jobless rate for young people of African or Asian descent rose to 35% and 24% respectively, nearly three times and twice the rate of their white counterparts.
Apart from racial issues, the UK society is fraught with other human rights issues. It has a poor record of ignoring the life and health of its own people; and it has committed crimes such as killing innocent people in other countries. One-third of British families with children aged under five live below the poverty line, and many children suffer from hunger. The rights of refugees and immigrants are severely violated. The UK committed countless horrifying crimes all over the world during hundreds of years of its colonial rule. The world's first concentration camp in South Africa carries with it the disgraceful brand of the British Empire. British forces killed innocent people in Afghanistan. In 2011, 33 civilians were killed during 11 night raids in 3 months, but the culprits are sheltered by the government and remain unpunished by law.
Crime overseas. France massacred tens of thousands of people in during the colonial period, which is crimes against humanity. France killed and injured civilians in the "Operation Barkhane". According to an investigation report released by the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), 19 civilians were killed by French military airstrike on the central Malian village of Bounty on January 3, 2021.
Eviction of minority groups. According to European Roma Rights Centre’s report, in France, between 10,000 and 15,000 Romani people are evicted annually.
Islamophobia. AFP reported that polls show that about half of Muslims living in France believe that they have encountered discrimination at least once for religious reasons.
Bad condition of prison. The Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT), in a report on its periodic visit to France in December 2019, expresses serious concern about material conditions of detention in police establishments, prison overcrowding, as well as the conditions in which detained persons were transferred to and treated in hospital.